Special Education therapy attempt to lessen the deficits and abnormal behaviours associated with autism and other autism spectrum disorders (ASD), and to increase the quality of life and functional independence of autistic individuals, especially children. Treatment is typically tailored to the child’s needs. Treatments fall into two major categories: educational interventions and medical management. Training and support are also given to families of those with ASD.
Intensive, sustained special education programs and behavior therapy early in life can help children with ASD acquire self-care, social, and job skills, and often can improve functioning, and decrease symptom severity and maladaptive behaviors, claims that intervention by around age three years is crucial are not substantiated.